Intercambio de personas por dinero: Remesas y Repatriación en Centroamérica

June 1, 2012

Los inmigrantes de Guatemala, El Salvador y Honduras enviaron más de $10 mil millones en remesas a sus hogares en 2011 – casi en su totalidad de los Estados Unidos. Las remesas comprendieron el 17 por ciento del PIB en Honduras, el 16 por ciento en El Salvador y el 10 por ciento en Guatemala y eclipsan la inversión extranjera directa y la cooperación para el desarrollo proveniente del exterior. 

Las remesas reducen la pobreza y ayudan a millones de familias receptoras a obtener alimento, vestimenta, educación, vivienda y servicio médico, pero por otra parte pueden también crear dependencia de la diáspora. Su mayor potencial – dinamizar la inversión productiva que genera empleos e ingresos, reduciendo la presión inmigrante – suele quedar desaprovechado. 

Además del flujo de activos de regreso hacia Centroamérica, en los últimos años el número de inmigrantes que regresan de los Estados Unidos a sus países de origen se ha incrementado. Durante el año fiscal 2011, los Estados Unidos deportó a 396,906 inmigrantes no-autorizados, una cantidad sin precedentes. Esto incluye a más de 76,000 centroamericanos. Los gobiernos de Centroamérica están mal preparados para el regreso de estos migrantes. Muchos de los deportados terminan regresando hacia los Estados Unidos debido a la escasez de oportunidades en sus países de origen.

Tools
from our Resource Library

For Education

  • Feed the Future

    Feed the Future, launched in 2010, grew out of the U.S. response, led by President George W. Bush, to the 2007-2008 global food price crisis. Prices of basic foods doubled or tripled in some countries and pushed an additional 150 million people into hunger and malnutrition.

  • U.S. Hunger and Poverty State Fact Sheets

    These fact sheets provide a snapshot of hunger and poverty in the United States and in each state plus Washington, D.C. 

  • Hunger and Poverty in the African-American Community

    While hunger declined from 2017 for the general U.S. population, African Americans experienced a one percent increase, an increase of 153,000 African American households.

For Faith

  • Unity Declaration on Racism and Poverty

    A diverse body of Christian leaders calls on the churches and Congress to focus on the integral connection.

    Dear Members of Congress,

    As the president and Congress are preparing their plans for this year, almost 100 church leaders—from all the families of U.S. Christianity—are...

  • In Times Like These … A Pan-African Christian Devotional for Public Policy Engagement

    This devotional guide invites deepened relationship with and among Pan-Af­rican people and elected leaders in the mission to end hunger and poverty.

  • Sermon by David Beckmann at Duke University Chapel

    Remarks delivered October 1, 2017 at Duke University Chapel in Chapel Hill in North Carolina.

    Thank you for inviting me to preach here at Duke University Chapel. And I especially want to thank the Bread for the World members who have come this morning.

    Bruce Puckett urged...

For Advocacy

  • Grassroots Advocacy Toolkit

    A set of how-to sheets for carrying out advocacy and fact sheets on the current issues Bread for the World is working on.

    For new and current Bread grassroots hunger activists.

    Ideal as a starter toolkit for new Bread activists or as a set of updates for current activists.

    ...

  • U.S. Hunger and Poverty State Fact Sheets

    These fact sheets provide a snapshot of hunger and poverty in the United States and in each state plus Washington, D.C. 

  • Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2017

    Unnecessarily long prison sentences, combined with the lack of rehabilitative programs for people in prison, exacerbate hunger, poverty, and existing inequalities.

    Overly harsh mandatory minimum prison sentences have contributed to the rapid increase of our country’s prison population. The...

Field

Changing Climate, Changing Farmers

February 7, 2017

Insight

The Jobs Challenge

April 10, 2018

From the Blog