Notas del Instituto Pan Para el Mundo Migración no Autorizada, el Hambre y la Pobreza

October 1, 2010

Gran parte del debate actual sobre la inmigraci6n se centra en cuestiones de legalidad. Mientras que esta es una parte importante de la politica de inmigraci6n, las causas de la migraci6n no autorizada no tienen su origen en la ley, sino en la economia. La disonancia entre la mano de obra laboral en Estados Unidos y la politica de inmigraci6n es el principal motor de la migraci6n no autorizada. 

La pobreza y los altos niveles de desigualdad en America Latina, junto con millones de puestos de trabajo en los Estados Unidos sin ser cubiertos por los trabajadores legales-incluso en tiempos de recesi6n-demuestra que el fujo de migraci6n no autorizada es continuo, a pesar de los gastos gubernamentales sin precedentes en la estricta aplicaci6n de la ley. 

Los inmigrantes no autorizados suelen mejorar su situaci6n econ6mica despues de llegar a Estados Unidos, pero debido a su ambigua situaci6n legal-y a pesar de las altas tasas de empleo-experimentan de manera desproporcionada el hambre y la pobreza. Este articulo examina algunos de los factores que impulsan la migraci6n no autorizada y las condiciones precarias en las que viven los inmigrantes no autorizados en Estados Unidos.

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