Honoring mothers by eliminating gender and racial inequality

May 11, 2017
Photo by Joseph Molieri/Bread for the World.

By Marlysa D. Gamblin

Mother’s Day is one time when we stop and acknowledge mothers for their hard work to provide for their families. This responsibility is a lot for any mother, but especially mothers with limited support. Mothers in female-headed households arguably face some of the most trying scenarios and continue to fight to feed and clothe their children. What can we do to honor this hard work and tenacity?

Female-headed households are more than twice as likely to experience food-insecurity than other U.S. households. A recently published briefing paper from Bread for the World Institute, “Ending U.S. Hunger and Poverty By Focusing on Communities Where It’s Most Likely,” describes some of the hardships that single mothers face. Two main factors that hurt a woman’s ability to provide for her family are gender discrimination and racial discrimination. The majority of those working in the 10 lowest-paid jobs in the United States are women. They are also the majority of those in “tipped-based” jobs. A single mother with three children in a minimum wage job would need to work more than 130 hours a week just to make ends meet. There are only 168 hours in a week — and she must take care of her children and sleep. Tipped-based jobs can legally pay as low as $2.13 an hour. There are literally not enough hours in the week to enable many tipped-based workers to support themselves and their children.

Households headed by single mothers of color face the added stress of racial discrimination. Currently, white women are paid about 76 cents for every dollar that white men are paid. But women of color are paid only 55 cents to 60 cents for every dollar white men are paid. That difference means that a woman of color would need to work an additional eight to 10 months every year to take home the same paycheck as a white male—which, of course, is impossible. Each of us has the same number of hours, days, and weeks in a year.

Ending gender pay discrimination would lift almost 5 million low-income families, many with children, out of poverty. Ending racial discrimination would do the same for millions more.

To honor mothers for their hard work, too often done with little reward, the United States should eliminate gender and racial pay gaps, workforce segregation, and disparities such as those in access to health care, safe and affordable housing, credit, and employment benefits such as paid sick leave. That would truly make this year’s Mother’s Day something to celebrate.

Read more about policies that support women and female-headed households in fighting hunger and poverty.

Marlysa D. Gamblin is domestic policy advisor for policy and programs, specific populations at Bread for the World Institute.

Households headed by single mothers of color face the added stress of racial discrimination.

from our Resource Library

For Education

  • Election Resources

    One of the best times to raise the issues of hunger and poverty is during election campaigns. Engage candidates in your state/district on hunger and poverty using our elections resources.
  • U.S. Hunger and Poverty State Fact Sheets

    These fact sheets provide a snapshot of hunger and poverty in the United States and in each state plus Washington, D.C. 

  • Conflict and Fragility Are Hunger Issues

     Conflict is a main driver of the recent increase in hunger around the world and of forced migration. Hunger also contributes to conflict. 

For Faith

  • Unity Declaration on Racism and Poverty

    A diverse body of Christian leaders calls on the churches and Congress to focus on the integral connection.

    Dear Members of Congress,

    As the president and Congress are preparing their plans for this year, almost 100 church leaders—from all the families of U.S. Christianity—are...

  • In Times Like These … A Pan-African Christian Devotional for Public Policy Engagement

    This devotional guide invites deepened relationship with and among Pan-Af­rican people and elected leaders in the mission to end hunger and poverty.

  • Sermon by David Beckmann at Duke University Chapel

    Remarks delivered October 1, 2017 at Duke University Chapel in Chapel Hill in North Carolina.

    Thank you for inviting me to preach here at Duke University Chapel. And I especially want to thank the Bread for the World members who have come this morning.

    Bruce Puckett urged...

For Advocacy

  • Fact Sheet: Why We Need $200 Million for Global Nutrition Programs

    Bread for the World and its partners are asking Congress to provide $200 million for global nutrition in the fiscal year 2020 budget. 

  • Fact Sheet: Hunger by the Numbers

    In 2017, 11.8 percent of households in the U.S.—40 million people—were food-insecure, meaning that they were unsure at some point during the year about how they would provide for their next meal.

  • Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2017

    Unnecessarily long prison sentences, combined with the lack of rehabilitative programs for people in prison, exacerbate hunger, poverty, and existing inequalities.

    Overly harsh mandatory minimum prison sentences have contributed to the rapid increase of our country’s prison population. The...


African at Heart

November 22, 2019


The Africa they want

February 21, 2020

From the Blog